What is Recruitment?
Recruitment is defined as, a process to discover the source of manpower to meet the requirement of staffing scheduled and to employ effective measures for attracting that manpower in adequate number to facilitate effective selection of an efficient workforce.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is Recruitment?
- 2 Recruitment Meaning
- 3 Recruitment Definition
- 4 Recruitment Process
- 5 Opening Job Position
- 6 Collecting and Presenting Job Resumes
- 7 Job Interviews
- 8 Job Offer
- 9 Recruitment Techniques
- 10 Nature of Recruitment
- 11 Purpose of Recruitment
- 12 Difference Between Recruitment and Selection
Human resources are the most important assets of an organization. The success or failure of an organization is largely dependent on the caliber of the people working therein. Without positive and creative contributions from people, organizations cannot progress and prosper.
In order to achieve the goals or perform the activities of an organization, therefore, we need to recruit people with requisite skills, qualifications and experience. While doing so, we have to keep the present as well as the future requirements of the organization in mind.
Organizations have to recruit people with requisite skills, qualifications and experience if they have to survive and flourish in a highly competitive environment.
The major steps of the recruitment process are stated as:
- Job Design
- Opening Job Position
- Collecting and Presenting Job Resumes
- Job Interviews
- Job Offer
Job design is the most important part of the recruitment process. The job design is a phase about the design of the job profile and a clear agreement between the line manager and the HRM Function.
The Job Design is about the agreement about the profile of the ideal job candidate and the agreement about the skills and competencies, which are essential. The information gathered can be used during other steps of the recruitment process to speed it up.
Opening Job Position
The Opening of the Job Position is generally the job of the HR Recruiter. Skilled and experienced HR Recruiter should decide about the right mix of recruitment sources to find the best candidates for the job position. This is another key step in the recruitment process.
Collecting and Presenting Job Resumes
The next step is collecting of job resumes and their pre-selection. This step in the recruitment process is very important today as many organizations lose a lot of time in this step.
Today, the organization cannot wait with the pre-selection of the job resumes. Generally, this should be the last step done purely by the HRM Function.
The job interviews are the main step in the recruitment process, which should be clearly designed and agreed between HRM and line management.
The job interview should discover the job candidate, who meets the requirements and fits best the corporate culture and the department.
The job offer is the last step of the recruitment process, which is done by the HRM Function, it finalizes all the other steps and the winner of the job interviews gets the offer from the organization to join.
Recruitment techniques are the means or media by which management contacts prospective employees or provide necessary information or exchange ideas or stimulate them to apply for jobs.
Recruitment techniques are:
- Internal Methods: They are for recruiting internal candidates. These include methods like:
(a) Promotion & Transfers
(b) Job Posting
(c) Employee Referrals
- Direct Methods: These include sending travelling recruiters to educational and professional institutions and employees’ contacts with the public.
(a) Campus Recruitment
Nature of Recruitment
Recruitment involves the following features:
- Recruitment is the first step of appointment.
- It is a continuous process.
- It is a process of identifying sources of human force, attracting and motivating them to apply for jobs in organizations.
- It is a development manpower or to work at the last stage.
- It is a positive process.
- It fulfills needs, both the present, and the future.
Purpose of Recruitment
- Finding out and developing the source here required number and kind of employees will be available.
- Developing suitable techniques to attract the desirable candidate.
- Employing the technique to attract employees.
- Stimulating as many candidates as possible and asking them to apply for jobs irrespective of the number of candidates required in order to increase the selection ratio (i.e., number of application per one job vacancy) due to lower yield ratio.
Difference Between Recruitment and Selection
- Recruitment means searching for sources of labor and stimulating people to apply for jobs, whereas selection means selecting of right kind of people for various jobs.
- Recruitment is a positive process whereas selection is a negative process.
- It creates a large pool of applicants whereas selection leads to a screening of unsuitable candidates.
- Recruitment is a simple process, it involves contracting the various sources of labor whereas selection is a complex and time-consuming process. The candidate has to clear a number of hurdles before they are selected for a job.
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