# Theory of Computation Notes | PDF, Syllabus | B Tech 2021

Download Theory of Computation Notes PDF, syllabus for B Tech, BCA, MCA 2021. We provide a complete theory of computation pdf. Theory of Computation lecture notes includes a theory of computation notes, theory of computation book, theory of computation courses, theory of computation syllabus, theory of computation question paper, MCQ, case study, theory of computation interview questions and available in theory of computation pdf form.

Theory of Computation subject is included in B Tech CSE, BCA, MCA, M Tech. So, students can able to download theory of computation notes pdf.

Theory of Computation Notes can be downloaded in theory of computation pdf from the below article

## Theory of Computation Syllabus

A detailed theory of computation syllabus as prescribed by various Universities and colleges in India are as under. You can download the syllabus in the theory of computation pdf form.

Unit I

Introduction to Automata: The Methods Introduction to Finite Automata, Structural Representations, Automata and Complexity. Proving Equivalences about Sets, The Contrapositive, Proof by Contradiction, Inductive Proofs: General Concepts of Automata Theory: Alphabets Strings, Languages, Applications of Automata Theory.

Finite Automata: The Ground Rules, The Protocol, Deterministic Finite Automata: Definition of a Deterministic Finite Automata, How a DFA Processes Strings, Simpler Notations for DFA’s, Extending the Transition Function to Strings, The Language of a DFA

Nondeterministic Finite Automata: An Informal View. The Extended Transition Function, The Languages of an NFA, Equivalence of Deterministic and Nondeterministic Finite Automata. Finite Automata With Epsilon-Transitions: Uses of Î-Transitions, The Formal Notation for an Î-NFA, Epsilon-Closures, Extended Transitions and Languages for Î-NFA’s, Eliminating Î- Transitions.

Unit II

Regular Expressions and Languages: Regular Expressions: The Operators of regular Expressions, Building Regular Expressions, Precedence of Regular-Expression Operators, Precedence of Regular-Expression Operators Finite Automata and Regular Expressions: From DFA’s to Regular Expressions, Converting DFA’s to Regular Expressions, Converting DFA’s to Regular Expressions by Eliminating States, Converting Regular Expressions to Automata.

Algebraic Laws for Regular Expressions: Properties of Regular Languages: The Pumping Lemma for Regular Languages, Applications of the Pumping Lemma Closure Properties of Regular Languages, Decision Properties of Regular Languages, Equivalence and Minimization of Automata,

Context-Free Grammars and Languages: Definition of Context-Free Grammars, Derivations Using a Grammars Leftmost and Rightmost Derivations, The Languages of a Grammar, Parse Trees: Constructing Parse Trees, The Yield of a Parse Tree, Inference Derivations, and Parse Trees, From Inferences to Trees, From Trees to Derivations, From Derivation to Recursive Inferences, Applications of Context-Free Grammars: Parsers, Ambiguity in Grammars and Languages: Ambiguous Grammars, Removing Ambiguity.

Unit III

Pushdown Automata: Definition Formal Definition of Pushdown Automata, A Graphical Notation for PDA’s, Instantaneous Descriptions of a PDA,

Languages of PDA: Acceptance by Final State, Acceptance by Empty Stack, From Empty Stack to Final State, From Final State to Empty Stack Equivalence of PDA’s and CFG’s: From Grammars to Pushdown Automata, From PDA’s to Grammars

Deterministic Pushdown Automata: Definition of a Deterministic PDA, Regular Languages and Deterministic PDA’s, DPDA’s and Context-Free Languages, DPDA’s and Ambiguous Grammars

Properties of Context-Free Languages: Normal Forms for Context-Free Grammars, The Pumping Lemma for Context-Free Languages, Closure Properties of Context-Free Languages, Decision Properties of CFL’s

Unit IV

Introduction to Turing Machines: The Turing Machine: The Instantaneous Descriptions for Turing Machines, Transition Diagrams for Turing Machines, The Language of a Turing Machine, Turing Machines and Halting Programming Techniques for Turing Machines, Extensions to the Basic Turing Machine, Restricted Turing Machines, Turing Machines and Computers

UNIT V

Recursive And Recursively Enumerable Languages: Properties of recursive and recursively enumerable languages, Universal Turing machine, The Halting problem, Undecidable problems about TMs. Context-sensitive language and linear bounded automata (LBA), Chomsky hierarchy, Decidability, Post’s correspondence problem (PCP), undecidability of PCP.

## Theory of Computation Notes

### What is Theory of Computation?

Theory of computation is the branch that deals with how efficiently problems can be solved on a model of computation, using an algorithm. The field is divided into three major branches: automata theory and languages, computability theory, and computational complexity theory.

## Theory of Computation Interview Questions

Some of the theory of computation interview questions are mentioned below. You can download the QnA in theory of computation pdf form.

1. What is TOC?
2. What is Automata Theory in TOC?
3. What is Regular Language in TOC?
4. What is Grammer and Language in TOC?
5. What is Null String in TOC?
6. What is Grammer and Language in TOC?
7. What is Regular Expression in TOC?
8. What is Linear Bound Automata in TOC?
9. What is Context-Free Language(CFL) in TOC?
10. What is Recursive Language in TOC?
11. What is the use of Lexical Analysis in TOC?
12. What is Chomsky Classification of Languages in TOC?
13. Define Kleene Star Closure in TOC?
14. What is the Productions in TOC? Explain Production Rules.

## Theory of Computation Question Paper

If you have already studied the theory of computation notes, now it’s time to move ahead and go through previous year theory of computation question paper.

It will help you to understand question paper pattern and type of theory of computation questions and answers asked in B Tech, BCA, MCA, M Tech theory of computation exam. You can download the syllabus in theory of computation pdf form.

## Theory of Computation Book

Below is the list of theory of computation book recommended by the top university in India.

1. Introduction to Automata Theory Languages, and Computation, by J.E.Hopcroft, R.Motwani & J.D.Ullman (3rd Edition) – Pearson Education
2. Theory of Computer Science (Automata Language & Computations), by K.L.Mishra & N. Chandrashekhar, PHI

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