Types Of Non Verbal Communication

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Tutorial Topic: what is non verbal communication, Definition, Elements, Types and Tips.

What Is Non Verbal Communication?

Non-verbal communication is the sending or receiving of wordless messages. We can say that communication other than oral and written, as gesture, body language, posture, tone of voice or facial expressions, is called non-verbal communication.

Non-verbal communication helps receiver in interpreting the message received. Frequently, non-verbal signals reflect the situation more accurately than verbal messages. Sometimes non-verbal response contradicts verbal communication and thus affects the effectiveness of message.


Elements Of Non Verbal Communication

Non-verbal communication has the following three elements:

  1. Appearance: Speaker: clothing, hairstyle, neatness, use of cosmetics. Surrounding: room size, lighting, decorations, furnishings.
  2. Body Language: Facial expressions, gestures, postures.
  3. Sounds: Voice tone, Volume, Speech rate.

Non-verbal communication, or body language, is a critical form of communication – a natural, unconscious language that broadcasts our true feelings and purposes in any given moment, and clues us in to the feelings and intentions of those around us.


Types Of Non verbal Communication

There are many different types of non-verbal communication. Unitedly, the following non-verbal signals and cues convey your interest and investment in others.

7 Types of Non verbal communication are briefly explained below:

Facial expressions

The human face is extremely expressive, able to express countless emotions without saying a word. And unlike some forms of non-verbal communication, facial expressions are universal. The facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear, and disgust are the same across cultures.

Body movements and posture

Believe how your perceptions of people are affected by the way they sit, walk, stand up, or hold their head. The way you move and carry yourself communicates a wealth of information to the world. This type of non-verbal communication includes your posture, bearing, stance, and elusive movements.

Gestures

Gestures are woven into the fabric of our daily lives. We wave, point, beckon, and use our hands when we’re arguing or speaking animatedly – expressing ourselves with gestures often without thinking. Nevertheless, the meaning of gestures can be very different across cultures and regions, so it’s important to be careful to avoid misinterpretation.

Eye contact

Because the visual sense is dominant for most people, eye contact is a particularly important type of non-verbal communication. The way you look at someone can communicate many things, including interest, affection, hostility, or attraction. Eye contact is also crucial in maintaining the flow of conversation and for gauging the other person’s response.

Touch

We communicate a great deal through touch. Think about the messages given by the following: a firm handshake, a timid tap on the shoulder, a warm bear hug, an assuring pat on the back, a patronizing pat on the head, or a controlling grip on your arm.

Space

Have you ever felt uneasy during a conversation because the other person was standing too close and invading your space? We all have a need for physical space, although that need differs depending upon the culture, the situation, and the closeness of the relationship. You can use physical space to communicate many different non-verbal messages, including signals of intimacy, aggression, dominance, or affection.

Voice

It’s not just what you say, it’s how you say it. When we speak, other people “read” our voices in addition to heeding to our words. Things they pay attention to include your timing and pace, how loud you speak, your tone and inflection, and sounds that convey understanding, such as “ahh” and “uh-huh.”

Example: Think about how tone of voice, can show sarcasm, anger, affection, or confidence.


Tips for Reading Body Language and Non-verbal Communication

Once you’ve developed your powers to manage stress and recognize emotions, you’ll naturally become better at reading the non-verbal signals sent by others.

  1. Pay attention to inconsistencies: Non-verbal communication should reinforce what is being said. Is the person is saying one thing, and their body language something else? Example: Are they telling you “yes” while shaking their head no?

  2. Look at non-verbal communication signals as a group: Don’t read too much into a single motion or non-verbal cue. Believe all of the non-verbal signals you are receiving, from eye contact to tone of voice and body language. Taken together, are their nonverbal cues consistent – or inconsistent – with what their words are saying?

  3. Trust your instincts: Don’t ignore your gut feelings. If you get the sense that someone isn’t being honest or that something isn’t adding up, you may be picking up on a mismatch between verbal and non-verbal cues.

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