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HR Audit is like an annual health check-up, it plays a vital role in encouraging the sense of confidence in the Management and the HR functions of an organization. It is a comprehensive evaluation of existing HRD strategies, systems, styles, skills and culture and their appropriateness to achieve the short term and long term goals of the organization.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is HR Audit?
- 2 Objectives of HR Audit
- 3 HR Audit Process
What is HR Audit?
HR Audit defined as the systematic verification of job analysis and design, recruitment and selection, orientation and placement, training and development, performance appraisal and job evaluation, employee and executive remuneration, motivation and morale, participative management, communication, welfare and social security, safety and health, industrial relations, trade unionism, and disputes and their resolution.
It is very useful for the organization to achieve the organizational goals and also a vital tool which helps in assessing the efficiency of HR functions in the organization.
HR Audits help the organization in the following ways:
- It helps to find out the proper contribution of the HR department towards the organization.
- Development of the professional image of the HR department of the organization.
- Reduces the HR cost.
- Motivates HR personnel.
- Find out the problems pertaining to HR functions and solve them smoothly.
- Helps in developing sound performance appraisal systems.
Objectives of HR Audit
To review the organizational system
It is very important to review the organization system time to time. Every organization must keep a review on recruitment, selection, orientation, placement, training and performance appraisal on yearly, half yearly or quarterly basis. HR audit helps the organizations to review their systems on timely basis. This helps in keeping a check on performance of an employee; to see whether he or she is working with his full potential or not. Appropriateness of selection procedure, training and development will determine quality of workforce.
Examine the implementation of policies and procedures
HR audit is used to check that the policies and procedure of an organization are properly implemented and followed by the organization and its employees. For this reason organization lay certain rules that act as standard for the organization. If for some reason the implementation of the rules are not properly monitored by the organization then in such case organization cannot blame its employees.
Measure the effectiveness of policies and procedures
Once the policies and procedure are successfully implemented then comes the role of management to ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of the policies. For any reason if the current policies are not as per the expectation of the management or not contributing towards growth of the organization, then the management can modify the policies at any time for the betterment of the organization and its employees. But the policies must match with previously laid down standard.
Review Personnel system in comparison to other organizations
The personnel system of an organization should be strong enough to sustain in this competitive world, it is very important to keep reviewing the personal system of an organization to other organizations in the industry so as to be able to meet the challenges posed by them.
HR Audit Process
An HR audit is a process to review implementation and effectiveness of the policies and procedures of the company to ensure compliance with employment law. It also examines that whether management is implementing best practices or not, and it educates the managers in this regard HR Audit refers to an examination and evaluation of human resource policies, procedures and practices to determine the effectiveness of human resource management. No organization can work on its own, various laws and regulations are formulated by the Government that are to be followed by an organization. An HR audit process review that the policies and procedure implemented by the company are in compliance with Government law. HR audit also evaluates the effectiveness of personnel management. Certain steps are included in it which are as follows:
The first step in HR audit is to identify the indicators. This is the preparatory step in auditing process. Here particular issues regarding the skills, styles, systems, strategies and structures of the organization are discussed. Necessary data is also collected for the audit purpose; the various indices , statistical ratios and gross numbers are identified as per the requirement.
Examine the Variations
This is the next step after identifying the indicators. Under this step scrutiny of all available information pertaining to personnel will be taken in to account. Similar previous corresponding period is taken into account, the performance is judged on the basis of the indicators decided and any variation between the results in the two time frames is examined.
Comparing and examining variations between departments
After examining the deviations a comparison is made. These deviations are compared between different departments and between similar units in the other industries. These deviation will help the organization to correct the process of auditing if the need arises.
Drawing trend lines
After the measurement and comparison with the other departments the organization is able to derive a trend that exists and would analyze and depict it in the form of trend lines, frequency distributions and statistical correlations.
Preparing a detailed Report
The last step involves the finalization of report. This final report contains the detailed information about the audit of the organization. This report is submitted to the top management and to the managers at suitable levels for information . Necessary action is taken thereafter.
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